BBC announces end of free TV licence for over 75s

Three million households face losing right to free TV license in 2020 in “important and difficult decision”.

TV license no longer free to over 75s

The BBC has confirmed plans to make over 75s pay the TV license fee from 2020. The result of a consultation, launched in 2018, has found that the cost of maintaining the current arrangement would be £745 million per year and rising, which the BBC claim would necessitate the closure of BBC Two, BBC Four, the BBC News Channel, the BBC Scotland Channel and Radio 5live – in addition to a number of local radio stations and other cuts and reductions. 

While the government made a manifesto pledge to protect the free license for over 75s ahead of the last general election, it seems more than keen to wash its hands of responsibility and allow the BBC to shoulder the blame. BBC Chairman and Director General tried to minimise the news by saying 'anyone aged 75 or over who receives Pension Credit will also be entitled to a free TV licence funded by the BBC' but his words are unlikely to gain much traction with pensioners.  

"Make no mistake, if this scheme goes ahead we are going to see sick and disabled people in their eighties and nineties who are completely dependent on their cherished TV for companionship and news, forced to give it up, said Caroline Abrahams, Charity Director at Age UK. "Means-testing may sound fair but in reality it means at least 650,000 of our poorest pensioners facing a big new annual bill they simply can't afford, because though eligible for Pension Credit they don't actually get it.

"The BBC's decision will cause those affected enormous anxiety and distress, and some anger too, but in the end this is the Government's fault, not the BBC's, and it is open to a new Prime Minister to intervene and save the day for some of the most vulnerable older people in our society who will otherwise suffer a big blow to their pockets and to their quality of life. The decent thing for the Government to do is to continue to fund the entitlement until the BBC's overall funding deal comes up for negotiation in 2022. This would be warmly welcomed by our older population as a much fairer way to proceed." 

Reaction to the proposed changes have met similarly robust opposition. Speaking on Twitter Martin Lewis, the personal finance expert, was clear about the impact the rule change would have on lower income older people:


Similarly, Jo Platt MP for Leigh in Greater Manchester and shadow minister to the cabinet office claimed:


In the letter issued today, BBC Chairman and Director General, Tony Hall said "fairness" was at the heart of the decision, after a consultation found 52% of those surveyed were in favour of changes to the current license setup. Here is the text of Hall's letter.

We are writing to you today to let you know about some important changes to TV licences for older people. First, we want to explain why these changes need to be made. Since 2000, all households with people over 75 have been entitled to a free TV licence. This has been paid for by the Government, but in 2015 they announced that they would stop paying for it.

As a result, the current government scheme offering free TV licences for over 75s will come to an end next year. Instead, through an Act of Parliament, the Government gave the BBC the power to decide what happens next. Any new scheme would be decided on and funded, not by the Government, but by the BBC.

This means we have had to make a really important and difficult decision.

After June 2020, the cost of continuing with free licences for all over 75s would be £745 million a year and rising – which is around 20% of the BBC’s budget. That is a huge amount of money. Were we to meet these costs, it would in practice mean the closures of BBC Two, BBC Four, the BBC News Channel, the BBC Scotland Channel and Radio 5live – in addition to a number of local radio stations and other cuts and reductions. We know that audiences really value what we provide on TV, Radio and online – all of which are paid for by the licence fee. And these changes would profoundly damage the BBC’s ability to serve our audiences of all ages. On the other hand, we are fully aware that some older pensioners are in poverty and rely on their TV and the BBC for companionship.

We didn’t want simply to abolish free licences for all older pensioners. We didn’t think that would be fair on those who would find it hardest to pay. Nor did we think it right to continue with a scheme that mirrored the Government’s, given the severe impact that would have on BBC services that are valued by everyone – old and young. We have therefore decided to introduce a new scheme. It is one that we believe represents the fairest possible outcome.

From June 2020, anyone aged 75 or over who receives Pension Credit will also be entitled to a free TV licence funded by the BBC. This will help the poorest pensioners who will continue to enjoy a free TV licence. It’s important to stress that it is not the BBC who will make any judgements about poverty – that measure is set and controlled by Government. As well as being fairest for the poorest pensioners, this scheme is also the fairest for all licence fee payers as it means everyone will continue to receive the best programmes and services that the BBC can provide.

This new scheme will cost the BBC around £250 million a year. This will mean we have to continue to find significant savings, but we are confident that we will be able to protect the funding for services the public tell us that they enjoy.

We want to make claiming the free licence simple and straightforward. Individuals will simply need to demonstrate their receipt of Pension Credit in order to qualify. If you’re over 75 and currently get a free licence, you don’t need to do anything yet. You will carry on being able to get a free licence until June 2020. TV Licensing will be in touch before then to tell you what you need to do. If you want to find out about our decision in more detail you can read all our documents here.

Thank you for taking the time to read this email. We have thought long and hard to arrive at the fairest possible decision for everyone. We are committed to ensuring we continue to give you a world-class BBC, not just today, but for tomorrow.


Sir David Clementi, BBC Chairman
Tony Hall, Director General of the BBC

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Last modified: June 10, 2019

Written by 2:52 pm News & Views